In 2005, the Colbran family—that manages the Baroida estate—started putting into place a system of purchasing coffee from neighboring farms that was transparent and focused around buying the most-ripe cherry possible from the farmers of the surrounding region. Over the years, it has been a struggle to have such high standards, but they have continued to find new partners interested in following best practices, and, with this year’s Tairora lot, it shows.
Explanation of the Name
Tairora is the name of the largest tribe in the area where this coffee is grown, and, because this coffee comes from growers in many different villages in the Eastern Highlands, the Colbran family gave this name to the coffee to best recognize the people with whom they work.
Eastern Highlands, Papua New Guinea
The coffee-growing region of Papua New Guinea's Eastern Highlands is one of the most remote places on earth. The region's legendary biodiversity, rich topsoil, elevation, and perfect weather make it one of the planet's most unusual microclimates. Baroida and the communities associated with the Tairora coffee sit scattered outside the town of Kainantu in the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea. This part of the Eastern Highlands is mostly rolling grasslands, but it has remarkable climate and great conditions for growing coffee.
The lowest altitude we saw around the plantation was just under 1,600 meters, but can reach as high as 1,900 meters. Baroida itself was one of the first coffee farms in the area, and much of the coffee planted by small producers of the Tairora coffee actually originally came from seeds from the Baroida Estate. Some of the villages and people in the area that turn in coffee to the Tairora coffee include Boka, Kantuera, Kobuta, Abiera, and the Bonta village. These areas and people who contribute to the Tairora coffee have between 2 and 25 hectares of coffee and grow an assortment of fruits and vegetables and a few other cash crops.
Papua New Guinea, in general, is a late-comer to the production of coffee, really only starting in the 1920s and not taking off until the 1950s. Today, Papua New Guinea is renowned for how remote and culturally diverse it is. This remoteness kept outside visitors from venturing into the Papua New Guinea highlands until the early 1900s. This remoteness also led to another popular fact about Papua New Guinea, which is that the hundreds of individual tribes in the country speak more than 800 documented languages among all of them. It is often stated that certain tribes did not know of other tribes living as close as a few kilometers away because of rugged terrain and the remoteness of the highlands.
Varieties: Typica, Bourbon, Arusha
Elevation: 1,600–1,900 meters
Post-Harvest Process: Washed
Harvest Time: May–July 2015